National reports

In September 2015, Belgium declared that the 2030 Agenda will give a new élan for Belgian global engagement, calling for human rights, LGBT rights, women's rights, decent work and the power of digitalization, concluding that Belgium was ready to implement the agenda. However, by referring mainly to international cooperation, it was not clear if Belgium accepted the challenge to also change its national policy in order to reach the 2030 Agenda. A national strategy framework is to be established by September 2016 involving all levels of government, under the auspices of the Inter-Ministerial Conference for Sustainable Development (IMCSD), which is best suited to ensure a coherent strategy among the three regions and the federal government. Nevertheless, midway into the first year of implementation, the policy actions needed remain distant. Belgium should have had a head start, since a 1997 law on the coordination of the federal policy on sustainable development authorizes the federal government to set out a plan that takes into account the long-term vision of sustainable development and international commitments taken to realize it. The SDGs are the result of a political negotiation and are not always as ambitious as needed. Yet the achievement of these goals would be a crucial step forward. It is important that Belgium meet the challenges of this universal 2030 Agenda through an integrated, overarching strategy.
Guatemala llegó al 2015 sin cumplir uno solo de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM). Para cumplir los 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) planteados en la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible es indispensable el protagonismo de las organizaciones sociales. Pero este cumplimiento solo será posible si la acción social es acompasada con la voluntad estatal, que deberá expresarse en transformaciones políticas y presupuestarias. Hasta ahora, solo se han expresado buenos deseos. Una larga lista de falencias enmarca el escenario escasamente positivo para el cumplimiento de los ODS que se presenta al día de hoy en Guatemala. De no enfrentarse estos grandes desafíos adoptando las medidas necesarias, el Estado no dará respuesta a las demandas de la población y no se cumplirán tampoco los ODS en el año 2030.
La aprobación de la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible coincidió con el cambio de gobierno en Argentina. Los primeros seis meses de gestión del presidente Mauricio Macri revelan un fuerte cambio en las políticas que tendrá fuerte impacto. En este contexto, las evidencias muestran que a través de las políticas en marcha no solo no se alcanzarán los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) establecidos en la Agenda si no que se producirá un importante retroceso en relación a la situación social y ambiental alcanzada en la década anterior. Preservar los logros sociales y de bienestar alcanzados y articular acciones críticas frente a un nuevo giro neoliberal que parece propiciar mayor desigualdad social y contaminación ambiental requiere de la revisión de posicionamientos y establecer objetivos comunes en línea con los ODS entre los muy diversos y activos espacios de participación (sindicales, comunitarios, de organizaciones civiles) existentes en el país.
In December 2015, the Swiss Federal Parliament approved the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a "new universal framework in efforts to promote human prosperity and sustainable economic development and protect the environment both at home and around the world". However, in October 2015, three weeks after the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, the Government austerity programme reduced the 2017-2019 budget for international cooperation by 540 million Swiss francs (CHF), following a reduction of over 115 million CHF in 2016. Thus, despite official commitments, Switzerland saves on the back of the poorest and moves ever further away from the agreed target (0.7% of GNI to ODA). Given the apparent lack of political will in allocating adequate resources for appropriate measures at home and abroad , this report analyses the extent to which Switzerland is institutionally and strategically prepared for effective planning and implementation of the2030 Agenda.
Organized around the five thematic clusters laid out in the Preamble to the 2030 Agenda- People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership, this report looks at the plans for implementation of the SDGs in the Czech Republic. The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA), which plays a key role in meeting the social tasks arising from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is in many cases ready for their implementation, or has even implemented them in some form. However, there are serious challenges within each of the clusters, which the report discusses. Although the Government generally supports the SGDs and the engagement of non-state actors in the planning process, some governmental departments fail, or in some cases, even refuse to take seriously the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
In South Korea, an institutional arrangements for sustainable development were established in 2000 in the form of the Presidential Commission on Sustainable Development (PCSD), following which the Framework Act on Sustainable Development was passed as a fundamental law in 2007 and came into force in 2008. From 2000 to 2008, the PCSD acted as a presidential advisory body, and the Government and National Assembly worked together on national strategies for sustainable development implementation. However, by 2010, the Framework Act on Sustainable Development had been revised and put under the Framework Act on Low Carbon and Green Growth, and the Committee on Sustainable Development (CSD) fell under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment. As a result, subsequent five-year sustainable development plans were concentrated on the area of the environment, no longer reflecting the general state of the nation.
Honduras se comprometió a cumplir con los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) aprobados por la Asamblea de las Naciones Unidad en septiembre de 2015. Este compromiso resulta importante dada la situación critica que se vive en el país, donde el incremento de la violencia en todas sus manifestaciones hace que la población se sienta insegura y con miedo. Lograr la igualdad de género y empoderar a todas las mujeres y las niñas para el 2030 según se plantea en el ODS 5 será un gran desafió, pues el país ha sufrido grandes retrocesos en derechos de las mujeres luego del Golpe de Estado de junio de 2009 y se observa una gran concentración de poder en la Presidencia de la República, como lo revela la constitución del Consejo de Defensa y Seguridad, integrado por el Presidente del Poder Judicial, el Presidente del Congreso Nacional y el Presidente de la Republica, quien lo preside. El cumplimiento de las metas de los ODS requiere de voluntad política y al privilegiar recursos para la remilitarización del país está claro que la prioridad no son los derechos humanos. Solo si las organizaciones sociales, con el apoyo de la comunidad internacional, impulsan su cumplimiento se podría avanzar y mejorar la situación del pueblo hondureño.
In 2015, the Philippines joined the UN community in pledging to put an end to poverty in all of its forms and achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by 2030. That same year the Government also signed up to reducing vulnerability to risks from disasters (Sendai Framework), to contribute its share in averting climate catastrophe (Paris Agreement), and to ensuring that all these commitments get sufficiently financed (Addis Ababa Action Agenda). Ending poverty and achieving sustainable development are aspirations long overdue in realization. The challenge is how to realize these goals in 15 years after so many years of trying to deliver on virtually the same set of promises, and failing. If the Philippines is to deliver on the more ambitious 17 SDGs in 15 years when it could not fully deliver on the minimalist MDGs during the last 15 years, it needs to recognize and confront serious obstacles, both external and internal, to achieving these goals.
Cyprus has traditionally thought of itself as being a multicultural hub, situated, as it is, in the intersection of three major cultures: African, Middle Eastern and European. However, instead of the more nuanced and fluid identity required for the country to be a truly multicultural society, public and private discourses identity have existed in a perpetual feedback loop, reproducing rigid and highly localized narratives about Cypriot identity. In examining its potential to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, this report identifies these narratives to include 1) the polarizing discourse concerning the relationship with Turkey and Greece; 2) the tension between public welfare spending, the power of labor unions and the advocates of free market neoliberalism and limited government; and 3) the conflict venting proxy of Cyprus football that is situated in the intersection of both the Cyprus national identity crisis and the public – market relationship.
Los 17 objetivos y las 169 metas de la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible, que abarcan las esferas económica, social y ambiental, son integrados e indivisibles. Con referencia a esta Agenda, en Perú hay avances y retrocesos. El país ha tenido un sostenido crecimiento económico hasta la desaceleración de los dos últimos años. El crecimiento se debió a la elevación de los precios del oro, el cobre y otros productos exportados por las empresas transnacionales que operan en el país. Prácticamente todo el territorio está concesionado a empresas mineras y petroleras.
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