Sri Lanka’s gender equality is second best in South Asia, says watchdog organization

In terms of gender equity Sri Lanka is the second best among South Asian countries, but the region presents the widest gap among all regions on Earth.

This is made apparent by the publication of the Gender Equity Index (GEI) 2012, published by Social Watch on the eve of Women’s International Day, March 8.

The index prepared annually by Social Watch measures the gap between women and men in education, the economy and political empowerment. The index is an average of the inequalities in the three dimensions. In literacy, it examines the gender gap in enrolment at all levels; economic participation computes the gaps in income and employment; empowerment measures the gaps in highly qualified jobs, parliament and senior executive positions.

The best and worst 15 countries in the GEI 2012

Social Watch measures the gap between women and men, not their wellbeing. Thus, a country in which young men and women have equal access to the university receives a value of 100 on this particular indicator. In the same fashion, a country in which boys and girls are equally barred from completing primary education would also be awarded a value of 100. This does not mean that the quality of education in both cases is the same. It just establishes that, in both cases girls are not less educated than boys.

Sri Lanka’s 62 points rank it among those countries with LOW GEI, 23 points above the South Asian average, which stands at 39. In the region, only Maldives is in a better condition, with 63 points. Bangladesh comes in the third place, with 55.

The South Asian countries in worst condition are India (37 points), Pakistan (29), and Afghanistan (15), which is also the country in worst situation among the 154 computed by the GEI.   

South Asia’s 39 points rank the region’s situation in gender inequality as CRITICAL.

The five levels according to which the index measures the gender gap are: CRITICAL, VERY LOW, LOW, MEDIUM AND ACCEPTABLE. It should be noted that no country has reached 90 points or more, meaning that no country has yet reached the ACCEPTABLE level.

The only dimension in which Sri Lanka reaches an ACCEPTABLE value is education (97 points), while in empowerment and economic participation the country’s performance is much less praiseworthy: 37 and 58 respectively (CRITICAL and LOW).

At a world level, the countries that have achieved a better score are Norway (89), Finland (88), and Iceland (87), which places them as countries with a MEDIUM GEI. 

Out of the 154 countries computed by the 2012 GEI those five in the worst global situation are Congo Rep (29), Niger (26), Tchad (25), Yemen (24) and Afghanistan (15).

Social Watch members are spread across all regions. The network fights for the eradication of poverty and its causes, the elimination of all forms of discrimination and racism and to ensure an equitable distribution of wealth and the realization of human rights.

For a detailed description of methodology and sources see