Published on Thu, 2012-03-15 11:47
In terms of gender equity Afghanistan is the country in worst situation throughout the entire planet. The country’s condition is far worse than those of the rest of the countries in South Asia, a region already presenting the widest gender gap on Earth.
This is made apparent by the publication of the Gender Equity Index (GEI) 2012, published by Social Watch on the eve of Women’s International Day, March 8.
The index prepared annually by Social Watch measures the gap between women and men in education, the economy and political empowerment. The index is an average of the inequalities in the three dimensions. In literacy, it examines the gender gap in enrolment at all levels; economic participation computes the gaps in income and employment; empowerment measures the gaps in highly qualified jobs, parliament and senior executive positions.
Social Watch measures the gap between women and men, not their wellbeing. Thus, a country in which young men and women have equal access to the university receives a value of 100 on this particular indicator. In the same fashion, a country in which boys and girls are equally barred from completing primary education would also be awarded a value of 100. This does not mean that the quality of education in both cases is the same. It just establishes that, in both cases girls are not less educated than boys.
Afghanistan’s 15 points rank it among those countries with CRITICAL GEI, and place it 24 points below the South Asian average, which stands at 39. It should be stressed that the condition of all of Afghanistan’s neighbours is far from acceptable: China (64), Turkmenistan (62), Uzbekistan (57), Iran, Tajikistan (both with 51) and Pakistan (29).
South Asia is led by the Maldives (63), Sri Lanka (62) and Bangladesh (55). Besides Afghanistan, the other two countries in worst condition in this region are India (37) and Pakistan (29).
The five levels according to which the index measures the gender gap are: CRITICAL, VERY LOW, LOW, MEDIUM AND ACCEPTABLE. It should be noted that no country has reached 90 points or more, meaning that no country has yet reached the ACCEPTABLE level.
The South Asian gender gap is the lowest among regions. A meagre 39 points (CRITICAL)
Afghanistan reaches a CRITICAL value in all three considered dimensions: education (four points), economic participation (17) and empowerment (25).
At a world level, the countries that have achieved a better score are Norway (89), Finland (88), and Iceland (87), which places them as countries with a MEDIUM GEI.
Out of the 154 countries computed by the 2012 GEI those five in the worst global situation are Congo Rep (29), Niger (26), Tchad (25), Yemen (24) and Afghanistan (15).
Social Watch members are spread across all regions. The network fights for the eradication of poverty and its causes, the elimination of all forms of discrimination and racism and to ensure an equitable distribution of wealth and the realization of human rights.